|Description||Although emerged on the face of world as an independent sovereign state in 1947 as a result of the division of subcontinent, modern Pakistan has experienced a historic journey through several distinct periods since 3,000 years B.C. The existence of a highly developed civilization in the Indus Valley and excavations at different archaeological sites like Harrapa, Mohenjodaro, Kot Diji, and Neolithic Mehr Garh have witnessed the existence of an advance civilization flourished on this land even in prehistoric times. The problem, however, is that those ruins do not tell us about everything who built them and a 5000 years old mystery still lingers.|
The progression of human from primitive society to the urban civilization is a fascinating history. Long after the intriguing Indus Valley Civilization, Aryans dominated this region in around 1500 B.C. and pushed the Hindu Civilization. Then approached the Persians in 5th century B.C. and occupied the northern region. Afterwards Greeks were led by Alexander the Great from Macedonia penetrated in 327 B.C. and hurried through most of the land. The prominent Muslim warrior Mohammad Bin Qasim landed in 712 A.D. in today’s Sindh and ruled the southern lands for almost 200 years and introduced Islam in the region which is rooted till date. The journey of milestones continued further to the Mughal Period. Babar was the first Mughal emperor who defeated Ibrahim Lodhi, the last Afghan King at Pani Pat. His intelligent son, Humayun, then succeeded Babar but Sher Shah Suri ousted him and ruled till his death in 1545. However, Humayun returned from exile in 1554 and ruled for another two years till his death. But his son Akbar who was known as the greatest of Mughal Emperors extended his empire from central India to Kashmir. The lively examples of their art today are the Taj Mahal in India, Shah Jahan mosque in Thatha, the Shalimar Gardens, Badshahi Mosque and the Shish Mahal in Lahore Fort.
|Address||106/E 4th Floor, Asif Plaza, Fazal-E-Haq Rd, Blue Area,Islamabad|
|State / Province||Punjab|
|Phone No||92 51 2348265 – 67|